Remarks by Ambassador Ferit Hoxha at the Security Council meeting on Libya

I thank USG Di Carlo for her remarks and valuable insights especially at this critical time, and Ms. Alhodiri for her realistic overview of the situation of women in Libya. I would also like to acknowledge the participation of the Libyan Permanent Representative, Ambassador El-Sonni, in today’s meeting.

 I would like to make the following four brief points:

First, Our first and shared priority should remain avoiding any military escalation and overcoming the current political and institutional impasse of the country. Rivalry and pressure with armed men can only bring the country backwards. It should not be allowed; it should not happen. The Libyan people do not want it.

A Libyan-led and Libyan-owned process leading to free and fair, country-wide national elections under a constitutional framework as soon as possible, is the only sustainable way forward to maintain stability in the country. Progress has been made thanks to Special Adviser Stephanie Williams’ commendable efforts and her excellent work in very challenging conditions, but much remains to be done.

We call on the President of the House of Representative and the High State Council to engage in good faith to bridge outstanding issues in the meeting called by SASG Williams tomorrow in Geneva. The Libyan people have clearly expressed their willingness to cast their vote, to freely choose their leaders, and rule over their destiny. It’s high time to hear their voice, to respect their will and their legitimate right.

We urge the Libyan stakeholders to pursue an inclusive political compromise to overcome the impasse of the executive, to guarantee an environment conducive to organizing fair, credible, inclusive and transparent elections. There is no space for violence in this process, nor shall this Council condone any attempt at the creation of parallel institutions, or bids to take power through force and violence.  Those undermining the elections must be held accountable.

Second, maintaining stability on the ground is a pre-requisite for a Libya-led and Libya-owned political process, facilitated by the United Nations. We are concerned on the increased tensions among militias. The ceasefire must be respected. No effort should be spared in preventing conflicts from flaring up on the ground.

We welcome the resumption of the 5+5 Joint Military Commission, which has already proven pivotal in securing progress on the military track and preserving the ceasefire of October 2020. We urge all Libyan political and institutional actors to redouble efforts towards a concrete implementation of the ceasefire Agreement, including the withdrawal of foreign fighters, foreign forces and mercenaries.

Third, the human rights situation in the country is deteriorating. We deplore the detention and unfair trials of a local staff member of the Norwegian Refugee Council and other civil society and humanitarian actors because of the restrictions issued recently by the Tripoli based civil society commission.

We call on the Libyan political actors to uphold the meaningful human rights commitments and not to undermine them because of short-term political gains.

We believe that the reconciliation process involves Libyan themselves. A right-based, victim-centered reconciliation process is crucial from preventing conflict recurring in Libya.

Therefore, Albania reaffirms its support to the extension of the Independent Fact-Finding Mission in Libya. The Mission should continue its critical work in advancing human rights, securing peace, and enhancing rights-based national reconciliation in the country.

Last, Oil production in the country has yet to return to normal and no steps forward in this regard have been made. National wealth should benefit all the Libyan people. The situation created by the shutdowns of more than 30 per cent of the oil fields in the country is undermining the Libyan economy, is hindering investment in critical infrastructure, and even the provision of basic services vital to the population.

While we reiterate our thanks to Special Advisor, Stephanie Williams, for her tireless efforts and meaningful contribution, I reiterate Albania‘s support to the Secretary General’s efforts to appoint a fully empowered Special Representative for Libya and to adopt a robust renewed UNSMIL mandate next month.

In conclusion, we want you Ms. Alhodiri and every citizen of Libya to live and to thrive not just to survive. No one can change things for the Libyans; only they can move the country forward. It is therefore time to build on the progress made and open a new chapter for the country and its population.

Thank you!

Previous Remarks by Ambassador Ferit Hoxha at the Security Council meeting on Middle East Peace Process

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