Remarks by Ambassador Ferit Hoxha at the Securiy Council meeting on nonproliferation

New York, 19 December 2022


Thank you, Madame President,

I thank USG Di Carlo for the information provided, and Ireland for the report and the excellent work as Security Council Facilitator for the implementation of the resolution 2231. I welcome the remarks of Amb Gonzato on the efforts underway to reinstate the JPCoA.

Mme President,

JCPoA represents a landmark accord, the key to make sure that Iran’s nuclear program is and remains exclusively for peaceful purposes.

Unfortunately, with every day that goes by, this has remained true only in its original paper. Today, it is in risk of being transformed from historic to history.

We are worried by the findings of the recent report of the Secretary General which indicates further uncontrolled nuclear proliferation activities by the Iranian regime. It also reports a total lack of cooperation from Teheran and continued incompliance with the NPT Safeguard Agreement and the additional Protocol.

We are particularly alarmed by successive IAEA reports indicating the worrying acceleration of Iran’s nuclear programme that gravely departs from its JCPoA commitments.

The very key facts are disturbing: Iran has expanded its nuclear enrichment capacity and has increased production of highly enriched uranium. It is the wrong course. It should stop as there is less and less evidence that the Iranian nuclear program has any ground of civilian or peaceful purposes.

The shut down for almost two years of the monitoring cameras directly affects the implementation of JCPOA. By doing so, the regime has blinded the international community, which is no longer duly informed and cannot verify independently ongoing nuclear activities.

This unchecked nuclear trajectory is leading Iran towards a dangerous path. It must be reversed and the IAEA should be able to fully monitor compliance. Ensuring an exclusively peaceful character of the Iranian nuclear program is a direct investment to regional and global stability and security.

Mme President,

We are extremely worried by the findings of the Secretary General report about the inconsistent activities undertaken by Iran that are in clear violation of the paragraph 3 of Annex B to resolution 2231.

The report shows, and we just heard also from USG DiCarlo, that there are similarities between cruise missile parts seized by the UK in international waters and the parts found in the debris of the cruise missiles used by the Houthis terrorists in their terrorist attacks against Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates. Just dry denials won’t do. Clear responses are needed.

But above all, the International law is unquestionably clear: any transfer of arms by Iran to non-state actors to non-state actors in Syria, Iraq, Yemen and Lebanon or elsewhere is in violation of UNSCR 2231. It poses a clear and direct threat to regional stability.

Unfortunately, Iran’s unlawful activities are not limited to the region. Its unlawful policies are now affecting peace and security in Europe by the use of a larger toolkit, including cyber-attacks and, as discovered lately, first denied and later admitted, the illicit transfer of UAV-s to Russia to attack civilians and critical civilian infrastructure in Ukraine.

We recall again, that any transfer of combat drones and missiles to or from Iran without prior permission by the UN Security Council is in violation of UNSCR 2231.

We expect to be duly and fully informed by the Secretariat on the matter.

The Council cannot become a spectator of non-respect of its decisions; it cannot be reduced to a notary of impunity.

Mme President,

Albania commends the United States and the European Union for their efforts for a successful outcome of the talks in Vienna for the restoration of the JCPOA.

Diplomacy needs all actors to engage in good faith in the negotiations. Unreasonable demands and obstructive steps do not support diplomatic solutions to this issue.

Now it is up to the Iranian authorities to seize the opportunity, stop threats and provocations and work with full transparency with those who have put on the table a comprehensive, meaningful, forward looking document that contributes to peace and security.

Multilateral diplomacy and multilateral solutions have so many times shown their unquestionable efficiency and advantage.

They are achieved by continued efforts, continued good will and genuine commitment.

JCPoA restoration can be one of those landmark exercises. It remains yet to be proved.

Thank you!

Previous Remarks by Ambassador Ferit Hoxha at the Security Council meeting on Middle East Peace Process

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