Remarks by the Political Coordinator Arian Spasse at the Security Council meeting on UNITAMS

March 20, 2023

Thank you, Mr. President.

Allow me to express my gratitude to SRSG Perthes for providing us with an informative update on the situation in Sudan. I also welcome the representative of Sudan to this meeting.

Mr. President,

The signing on the 5th of December of the Framework Agreement has renewed hope for a civilian-led transition that meets the aspirations of the Sudanese people, including the holding of elections. We commend the civilian and military signatories for the progress made so far, including the launching of the final phase of the political process in Khartoum on January 8th, facilitated by the trilateral mechanism.

Albania urges non-signatories to join the political process and engage in meaningful talks to resolve remaining differences, and calls on signatories not to lose sight of this momentum.

Furthermore, the political process must be comprehensive and have widespread public backing to be sustainable.

While welcomes the release of hundreds of Darfuri detainees from prisons throughout the country, Albania remains concerned about the numerous reports on the excessive use of force on protestors. The current situation in Darfur and across the country demonstrates the urgent need for implementing the Juba Peace Agreement.

We urge the authorities to investigate effectively, impartially, and on a timely manner any allegation of unlawful use of force, or other alleged violations, by members of the security forces.

Demonstrators must be allowed to fulfill their right to peaceful assembly.

Moreover, regrettably, women have continuously been underrepresented.

We strongly encourage the parties to honor their commitment to include women in their delegations by 40 percent, including in leadership positions and in future transitional institutions.

Mr. President,

Despite the progress on the political front, we remain concerned about the impact of intercommunal clashes in Blue Nile, West and South Kordofan, and Central, North, and South Darfur states.

Humanitarian needs continue to remain at a record level high. 18 million Sudanese will be under acute food insecure conditions in 2023 and a record of 11.7 million people, almost a quarter of Sudan’s population, are currently facing hunger.  Therefore, we call on Sudanese authorities to provide unhindered humanitarian access to all affected.

This current state of humanitarian conditions, grave violations of human rights, as well as the socio-economic situation in the country, are worrying and require immediate attention.

Albania is deeply concerned about the instances of sexual violence against women, particularly in IDP camps in Darfur. The fact that these incidents are underreported due to the victims’ fear of shame, stigma and retaliation, must be alarming for all of us.  Additionally, violations against children -boys and girls- by unidentified perpetrators is extremely troubling. Survivors and victims of sexual violence are shockingly often considered themselves as perpetrators of immoral activity.

This practice coupled with the lack of accountably leads to silencing survivors and denying them access to justice.

Mr. President,

In conclusion, Albania reiterates its strong support to the trilateral mechanism (UNITAMS-AU-IGAD,) and commends the work of UNITAMS and its dedicated team led by the SRSG. Although international assistance remains crucial, all stakeholders involved need to seize the momentum and put their own interests aside. Because, it is only through a civilian led political process, spearheaded and owned by the Sudanese, that a lasting resolution can be achieved. The Sudanese must be offered the chance for a stable country which is able to provide basic services for all.  This is what they deserve.

I thank you.

Previous Remarks by Ambassador Ferit Hoxha at the Security Council meeting on the DPRK – Non proliferation

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Albania remains committed to uphold the charter of the UN, convinced that a rules-based international order with effective multilateral institutions is the best way to ensure peace, security, and respect for human rights, development and prosperity.

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