Remarks by Ambassador Ferit Hoxha at the Security Council meeting on Non-proliferation

Thank you, Madame President,

I thank USG DiCarlo and EU Ambassador Skoog for their update, and Ambassador Frazier for her work as facilitator to the implementation of resolution 2231.

The fifteenth report of the Secretary General on the Implementation of resolution 2231 paints a disturbing picture of the advancement of the Iranian illicit nuclear program.

It is beyond any doubt that Iranian nuclear proliferation activities supersede and fail to comply with the JCPOA provisions. The findings in the report cast doubt on the so-called “peaceful purposes” of such activities.

It is regrettable to note that Iran has not taken any meaningful steps toward the fulfilment of the obligations under the NPT Safeguard Agreement and its Additional Protocol, despite recent communications between the IAEA and the Iranian government. The opaque practices of Iran undermine the ability of the IAEA for full verification and monitoring.

A closer look of the steps taken by Iran seem to worryingly indicate more and more a determination to advance towards building nuclear weapons in the near future than a genuine effort in good faith to implement the JCPOA through diplomacy and in transparency. Iran has:
– expanded its stockpile of enriched uranium

– put more centrifuges in operation and has enhanced their efficiency

– increased the number of enrichment sites

– dangerously experimented with enriching to high levels in a single step

– obstructed nuclear inspectors

This is already utterly worrying but it doesn’t stop there: In clear violation of the paragraph 3 of the Annex B of the resolution 2231, Iran continues to conduct activities related to ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons, including launches using ballistic missile technology.

The test flight of the space launch vehicle “QAEM-100”; the testing of the ballistic missile “Khaibar” and the recent unveiling of the new Fattah ballistic missile are deplorable violations of the restrictions under the JCPOA.

Madame President,

The destructive activities of Iran spread across the region and beyond and they are a cause of great concern. By illegally transferring weapons without the approval of the Council, in flagrant violation of the arms embargo in Yemen, under UNSCR 2216, Iran continues to empower Houthi’s, including in their war of terror against neighboring countries.

As we had suspected, the preliminary findings by the Secretariat confirm similarities of the ballistic missile components seized by the British Navy in the international waters of the Gulf of Oman with the debris of the ballistic missiles used by the Houthis in their attacks towards Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates. We await the full assessment of the Secretariat in a timely fashion.
Further, the illicit transfer of hundreds of Iranian Mohajer and Shahed UAVs to Russia, in clear violation of the UNSCR 2231, equals to a supply of death for the Ukrainian civilians.

Residential areas in Ukraine and critical civilian infrastructure continue to be under constant attack with Iranian drones.
We reiterate our call to the Secretariat to make full clarity on this issue.

Colleagues,
During last year, the international community has dealt patiently and reasonably with Iran, pursuing a diplomatic path to find a solution, which is possible.

We regret that Teheran persists in its rejection of all efforts to resume full and effective implementation of the JCPOA.
As a consequence, we fear that now, nuclear program is more advanced than ever and the threat it poses grows increasingly.

Let me conclude, Mme President, with a sincere call:

– Iran should stop testing the resolve of peace-loving countries and actors by dangerously throwing itself and the entire region into uncertainty by seeking nuclear weapons;
– It should stop supporting terror and destabilization policies through proxies;
– It should stop using cyber-attacks against other countries.

With deeds and not only with empty words which are betrayed by their actions.

Only this will bring the credibility that is lacking and the assurances that are missing.

I thank you!

Previous Remarks by Ambassador Ferit Hoxha at the 17th International Human Rights Youth Summit 2023

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